Classifier Subset Selection for the Stacked Generalization Method Applied to Emotion Recognition in Speech

Aitor Álvarez, Basilio Sierra, Andoni Arruti, Juan Miguel López, Nestor Garay-Vitoria

2016 - Sensors Vol. 16 (1)

Journal paper

Línea investigación:
Affective Computing
Authors by signature order:
Aitor Álvarez, Basilio Sierra, Andoni Arruti, Juan Miguel López, Nestor Garay-Vitoria
Description:

In this paper, a new supervised classification paradigm, called classifier subset selection for stacked generalization (CSS stacking), is presented to deal with speech emotion recognition. The new approach consists of an improvement of a bi-level multi-classifier system known as stacking generalization by means of an integration of an estimation of distribution algorithm (EDA) in the first layer to select the optimal subset from the standard base classifiers. The good performance of the proposed new paradigm was demonstrated over different configurations and datasets. First, several CSS stacking classifiers were constructed on the RekEmozio dataset, using some specific standard base classifiers and a total of 123 spectral, quality and prosodic features computed using in-house feature extraction algorithms. These initial CSS stacking classifiers were compared to other multi-classifier systems and the employed standard classifiers built on the same set of speech features. Then, new CSS stacking classifiers were built on RekEmozio using a different set of both acoustic parameters (extended version of the Geneva Minimalistic Acoustic Parameter Set (eGeMAPS)) and standard classifiers and employing the best meta-classifier of the initial experiments. The performance of these two CSS stacking classifiers was evaluated and compared. Finally, the new paradigm was tested on the well-known Berlin Emotional Speech database. We compared the performance of single, standard stacking and CSS stacking systems using the same parametrization of the second phase. All of the classifications were performed at the categorical level, including the six primary emotions plus the neutral one.

Editorial:
MDPI
Publication year:
2016
Publication place:
Online (Open Access): https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/16/1/21
File URL:
https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/16/1/21/pdf
Quality indicators:
La revista Sensors es de tipo open access y en 2016 ha tenido un factor de impacto de 2,677 (2,964 el de 5 años) en ISI/JCR Science Edition, ocupando la posición 10 de 58 revistas (Q1) en la categoría Instruments and Instrumentation. Asimismo, figura en la posición 173 de 623 revistas (Q2) en la categoría Electrical and Electronic Engineering de la clasificación SJR de Elsevier de 2016, con un factor de impacto de 0,576.
Publication name:
Sensors Vol. 16 (1)
Web URL:
https://doi.org/10.3390/s16010021
Volume:
16
Number:
1